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Taxon: Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt

Genus: Coccinia
Family: Cucurbitaceae tribe: Benincaseae
Nomen number: 10974
Place of publication: Hort. suburb. Calcutt. 59. 1845
Name verified on: 13-Aug-2015 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 13-Aug-2015
No species priority site assigned.


A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • ivy gourd   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • little gourd   (Source: Cucurbits 194. 1998) – English
  • Tindola   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • kundree   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – India
  • tindora   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – India
  • tindori   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – India
  • pepasan   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Malay
  • pepino cimarrón   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • scharlakansgurka   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
  • kanduri   (Source: Hamdard 38:98. 1995) – Urdu (Pakistan)
  • kundur   (Source: Hamdard 38:98. 1995) – Urdu (Pakistan)

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Northern Africa: Egypt
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad [s.]; Djibouti; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania [n.]; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Central African Republic; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Mali; Mauritania [s.]; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
    South Tropical Africa: Malawi
    Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    China: China - Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan
    Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India - Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Kerala, Orissa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius
    North Indian Ocean: Maldives
    Australia: Australia - Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Northwestern Pacific: Guam; U.S. Outlying Islands - Wake Island
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
    Caribbean: Barbados; Cuba; Puerto Rico
    Mesoamerica: Nicaragua
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname
    Brazil: Brazil

  • widely cultivated


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960–. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1963–. Flore du Cameroun.
  • Berhaut, J. 1971–. Flore illustrée du Senegal.
  • Boudet, G. et al. 1986. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali.
  • Burkill, H. M. 1985. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. 1:575.
  • Chakravarty, H. L. 1982. Cucurbitaceae. In: Botanical Survey of India, Fascicles of flora of India 11:24–26.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • Decker-Walters, D. S. 1999. Cucurbit, Sanskrit, and the Indo-Aryas. Econ. Bot. 53:108.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Hamid, S. et al. 1995. Medicinal plants of family Cucurbitaceae of Pakistan (part II). Hamdard 38:98.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Holstein, N. & S. S. Renner. 2011. Coccinia intermedia – a new Cucurbitaceae species from West Africa. PhytoKeys 7:27–36.
  • Holstein, N. 2015. Monograph of Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae). PhytoKeys 54:78.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Jardin botanique national de Belgique. 1967–. Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale).
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Peter, K. V. et al. 1998. Improvement and cultivation: bitter gourd, snake gourd, pointed gourd, and ivy gourd. In: N. M. Nayar & T. A. More (eds.), Cucurbits. 194.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 8:150.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970–. Flora of Thailand.
  • Thulin, M., ed. 1993–. Flora of Somalia.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.


Check other web resources for Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (04 October 2015)

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