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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Citrus myrtifolia Raf.

Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae subfamily: Aurantioideae tribe: Aurantieae subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 10756
Place of publication: Sylva tellur. 141. 1838
Name verified on: 12-Jan-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV).
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • myrtle-leaf orange   (Source: Bot Citrus ) – English
  • chinois   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French
  • myrtenblättrige Bitterorange   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German
  • chinotto   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • naranja mirtifolia   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish

Economic importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring   (fide J Agric Food Chem 56:5407. 2008)
  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Gene sources: potential as graft stock relative for citrus   (fide Acta Hort 892:301. 2011)

Distributional range:

    Southeastern Europe: Italy [only cult.]


  • Carpenter, J. B. & P. C. Reece. 1969. Catalog of genera, species, and subordinate taxa in the orange subfamily Aurantioideae (Rutaceae). [= C. aurantium var. myrtifolia Ker Gawler].
  • Cautela, D. et al. 2008. Estimating bergamot juice adulteration of lemon juice by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of flavanone glycosides. J. Agric. Food Chem. 56:5407–5414.
  • Del Bosco, S. F. 2001. The use for ornamental purposes of an ancient Citrus genotype. Acta Hort. 598:65–67. [mentions].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Penjor, T. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships of Citrus and its relatives based on matK gene sequences. PLoS One 8(4): e62574.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Recupero, S. et al. 2011. In vitro propagation of hybrid candidate rootstocks for ornamental citrus. Acta Hort. 892:301–304. [this study tested hybrids derived from crosses of Citrus myrtifolia × Poncirus trifoliata].
  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. [re. German common names].
  • Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. [= C. aurantium var. myrtifolia Ker Gawler].
  • Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes. In: Tanaka, T., Revisio Aurantiacearum 9:124.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [= C. ×aurantium L.].


Check other web resources for Citrus myrtifolia Raf.:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (05 October 2015)

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