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Taxon: Citrus macrophylla Wester

Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae subfamily: Aurantioideae tribe: Aurantieae subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 10738
Place of publication: Philipp. Agric. Rev. 8:16, t. 3b, 6c. 1915
Name verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV).


Common names:


Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for citrus   (fide Mansf Ency)

Distributional range:

    Western Asia: Israel
    Malesia: Philippines - Cebu


  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. [= C. ×macrophylla Wester].
  • Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny. Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49–61. [this study examined the origin and maternal phylogeny of cultivated citrus; it included one sample of Citrus macrophylla; it obtained seven mitotypes, one ('Micrantha') of which included C. macrophylla together with wild members of subgenus Papeda, and commenting on the hybrid origin of C. macrophylla].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Levy, Y. et al. 1993. Alemow (Citrus macrophylla Wester) - a dwarfing rootstock for old-line 'Temple' mandarin (Citrus temple Hort. ex. Tan.). Sci. Hort. 53:289–300.
  • Merrill, E. D. 1922–1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. [= C. hystrix var. macrophylla (Wester) Merr.].
  • Nicolosi, E. et al. 2000. Citrus phylogeny and genetic origin of important species as investigated by molecular markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:1155–1166.
  • Ollitrault, P. et al. 2012. SNP mining in C. clementina BAC end sequences; transferability in the Citrus genus (Rutaceae), phylogenetic inferences and perspectives for genetic mapping. B. M. C. Genomics 13:13. [this study examined the usefulness of SNP markers derived from Citrus clementina for understanding the "origin of some secondary species and important cultivars"; it confirmed the hybrid origin of C. macrophylla, with its genome derived from a wild Papeda species and C. reticulata].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Singh, R. & N. Nath. 1969. Practical approach to the classification of Citrus. In: H. D. Chapman (ed.), Proceedings of the First International Citrus Symposium. 1:439.
  • Spiegel-Roy, P. & E. E. Goldschmidt. 1996. Biology of Citrus. Cambridge Univ. Press.
  • Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. [= C. celebica? × C. grandis].
  • Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes. In: Tanaka, T., Revisio Aurantiacearum 9:112.
  • Vidal, E. et al. 2012. Epidemiology of Citrus tristeza virus in nursery blocks of Citrus macrophylla and evaluation of control measures. Spanish J. Agric. Res. 10:1107–1116. ["commonly used as a lemon rootstock in Spain, . and now widespread as a rootstock for sweet orange and mandarin"].

Check other web resources for Citrus macrophylla Wester:

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (04 October 2015)

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