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Taxon: Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.

Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae subfamily: Aurantioideae tribe: Aurantieae subtribe: Citrinae.
Nomen number: 10732
Place of publication: Fl. indica 173. 1768
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 19-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 08-May-2014
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV).
Accessions: 124 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • lemon   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • limum   (Source: Citrus CGC, p.c.) – Transliterated Arabic
  • li meng   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • ning meng   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • citronnier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • limonier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Zitrone   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • limone   (Source: HerbSpices 2:212.) – Italian
  • limão   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Portuguese
  • limoeiro-azedo   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Portuguese
  • limão-eureka   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • limão-gênova   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • limão-siciliano   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • limão-verdadeiro   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • limoeiro   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • limón   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish
  • limonero   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated in tropics & subtropics

      Other:
  • origin unknown, likely China

References:

  • Bayer, R. J. et al. 2009. A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 96:668–685.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Citrus Crop Germplasm Committee. 1998. pers. comm. [re. common names].
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1950. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. Delhi. 2:190.
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986–1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  • Cufodontis, G. 1953–1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. [= Citrus limonia Osbeck].
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource).
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Federici, C. T. et al. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus (Rutaceae) and related genera as revealed by RFLP and RAPD analysis. Theor. Appl. Genet. 96:812–822. [this study included four samples of Citrus limon including cultivar 'Eureka'].
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Garcia-Lor, A. et al. 2013. A nuclear phylogenetic analysis: SNPs, indels and SSRs deliver new insights into the relationships in the 'true citrus fruit trees' group (Citrinae, Rutaceae) and the origin of cultivated species. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 111:1–19.
  • Gmitter, F. G. et al. 2009. Citrus breeding. 105–134 In: Jain, S. M. & P.M. Priyadarshan, eds., Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species. 105–134.
  • Gmitter, F. G., Jr. et al. 2007. Chapter 14. Citrus fruits. 4:265–279 In: Kole. C., ed., Genome mapping and molecular breeding in plants (7 vols.). 4:265–279. [mentions as a probable hybrid between Citrus medica and C. aurantifolia].
  • Grosser, J. W. et al. 2000. Somatic hybridization in Citrus: an efefctive tool to facilitate variety improvement. In Vitro Cell. Developmental Biol., Plant 36:434–449. [this review cites hybrids involving Citrus limon for both scion and graft stock improvement].
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. [343, 413.].
  • Li, X. et al. 2010. The origin of cultivated Citrus as inferred from Internal Transcribed Spacer and chloroplast DNA sequence and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism fingerprints. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 135:341–350. [this study included two cultivars of Citrus limon].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae). Telopea 7:169. [lists as Citrus ×limon (L.) Osbeck].
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Nicolosi, E. et al. 2000. Citrus phylogeny and genetic origin of important species as investigated by molecular markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:1155–1166.
  • Ollitrault, P. et al. 2012. SNP mining in C. clementina BAC end sequences; transferability in the Citrus genus (Rutaceae), phylogenetic inferences and perspectives for genetic mapping. B. M. C. Genomics 13:13. [this study examined the usefulness of SNP markers derived from Citrus clementina for understanding the "origin of some secondary species and important cultivars"; it confirmed the hybrid origin of C. limon with a diverse genomic contribution from C. medica].
  • Penjor, T. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships of Citrus and its relatives based on matK gene sequences. PLoS One 8(4): e62574. [this study included two samples of Citrus limon that grouped within the pummelo cluster].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Scora, R. W. 1975. On the history and origin of Citrus. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 102:369–375.
  • Snoussi, H. et al. 2012. Assessment of the genetic diversity of the Tunisian citrus rootstock germplasm. B. M. C. Genet. 13:16.
  • Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives.
  • Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes. 9:114 In: Tanaka, T., Revisio Aurantiacearum. 9:114.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943–1980. Flora of Panama.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [= Citrus × limon].
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.:


Check other web resources for images:

  • PlantSystematics.org
  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?10732 (02 September 2014)

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