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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Citrus indica Tanaka

Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae subfamily: Aurantioideae tribe: Aurantieae subtribe: Citrinae.
Nomen number: 10719
Place of publication: Stud. Citrol. 2:160, 164. 1928
Name verified on: 30-Oct-1990 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 22-May-1997
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV).
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • Indian wild orange   (Source: Bot Citrus ) – English
  • naranja salvaje de India   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Human food: fruit   (in s. India fide Mansf Ency)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in citrus   (fide Genet Res Crop Evol 51:415. 2004)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of citrus crops   (based on affinities within Citrus Amer J Bot 96:675, 679. 2009)

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Meghalaya

References:

  • Bayer, R. J. et al. 2009. A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 96:668–685.
  • Carpenter, J. B. & P. C. Reece. 1969. Catalog of genera, species, and subordinate taxa in the orange subfamily Aurantioideae (Rutaceae).
  • Citrus Crop Germplasm Committee. 1998. pers. comm. [re. common names].
  • Federici, C. T. et al. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus (Rutaceae) and related genera as revealed by RFLP and RAPD analysis. Theor. Appl. Genet. 96:812–822. [this study included one sample of Citrus indica considered to be a probable hybrid derived from C. latipes; however, it found this species to have low heterozygosity index, and the presence of unique RFLP fragments supported its non-hybrid status].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Jena, S. N. et al. 2009. Molecular phylogeny in Indian Citrus L. (Rutaceae) inferred through PCR-RFLP and trnL-trnF sequence data of chloroplast DNA. Sci. Hort. 119:403–416. [this study included five samples of wild Citrus indica, all of which grouped together, and close to citron Citrus medica; it did not support a hybrid origin for C. indica].
  • Li, X. et al. 2010. The origin of cultivated Citrus as inferred from Internal Transcribed Spacer and chloroplast DNA sequence and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism fingerprints. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 135:341–350. [this study included one accession of Citrus indica that based on all data grouped close to C. tachibana in a clade with mandarin C. reticulata].
  • Malik, S. K. et al. 2006. Collection and characterization of Citrus indica Tanaka and C. macroptera Montr.: wild endangered species of northeastern India. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 53:1485–1493.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Sharma, B. D. et al. 2004. Genetic resources of Citrus of north-eastern India and their potential use. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 51:415.
  • Singh, R. & N. Nath. 1969. Practical approach to the classification of Citrus. In: H. D. Chapman (ed.), Proceedings of the First International Citrus Symposium. 1:439.
  • Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives.
  • Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes. In: Tanaka, T., Revisio Aurantiacearum 9:138.
More:

Check other web resources for Citrus indica Tanaka:

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • PlantSystematics.org
  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?10719 (21 November 2014)

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