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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Citrus hystrix DC.

Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae subfamily: Aurantioideae tribe: Aurantieae subtribe: Citrinae.
Nomen number: 10714
Place of publication: Cat. pl. horti monsp. 97. 1813
Name verified on: 24-Mar-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 06-Jul-1998
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV).
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • Kaffir lime   (Source: Mansf Ency [but this adjective is best avoided, as it can be an offensive term]) – English
  • Mauritius papeda   (Source: HerbSpices 2:211.) – English
  • combava   (Source: Les Agrumes ) – French
  • Kafir-Limette   (Source: Zander Ency [but this adjective is best avoided, as it can be an offensive term]) – German
  • langdorniger Orangenbaum   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • Makrut-Limette   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German
  • papeda   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring   (fide Cornucopia)
  • Human food: beverage base   (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Gene sources: potential for pest resistance in citrus   (fide HortScience 36:336. 2001)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of citrus crops   (based on affinities within Citrus fide Amer J Bot 96:675, 679. 2009)
  • Materials: essential oils   (fide Mansf Ency)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China - Guangxi, Yunnan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Sri Lanka [perhaps not native]
    Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand [s.]
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia [Malaya]; New Guinea; Philippines

      Naturalized:
  • widely naturalized

      Cultivated:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China

      Other:
  • exact native range obscure

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963–1968. Flora of Java.
  • Bayer, R. J. et al. 2009. A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 96:668–685. [included as "'wild', amphimictic, diploid species"].
  • Bowman, K. D. et al. 2001. Sources of resistance to Diaprepes weevil in Subfamily Aurantiodeae, Rutaceae. HortScience 36:332–336.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Courboulex, M. & H. de Lorrain. 1997. Les agrumes: oranges, citron, pamplemousses, kumquats. [re. French common names].
  • Craib, W. G. & A. F. G. Kerr, eds. 1925–1962. Florae siamensis enumeratio.
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986–1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource).
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Fosberg, F. R. et al. 1979–1982. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae.
  • Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny. Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49–61. [this study also examined the origin and maternal phylogeny of cultivated citrus; it included a sample of Citrus hystrix that was resolved among members of the Micrantha mitotype that included species of the Papeda group (sensu Swingle)].
  • Garcia-Lor, A. et al. 2013. A nuclear phylogenetic analysis: SNPs, indels and SSRs deliver new insights into the relationships in the 'true citrus fruit trees' group (Citrinae, Rutaceae) and the origin of cultivated species. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 111:1–19.
  • Gmitter, F. G., Jr. & X. Hu. 1990. The possible role of Yunnan, China, in the origin of contemporary Citrus species (Rutaceae). Econ. Bot. 44:267–277.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Luro, F. et al. 2011. Analysis of genetic diversity in Citrus. Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 9:218–221.
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae). Telopea 7:167. [mentions].
  • Merrill, E. D. 1922–1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  • Penjor, T. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships of Citrus and its relatives based on matK gene sequences. PLoS One 8(4): e62574. [this study included one sample of Citrus hystrix that was resolved in a subgroup of the pummelo cluster].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Prescott-Allen, R. & C. Prescott-Allen. 1990. How many plants feed the world? Conservation Biol. 4:365–374. [mentions].
  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. [re. German common names].
  • Singh, R. & N. Nath. 1969. Practical approach to the classification of Citrus. In: H. D. Chapman (ed.), Proceedings of the First International Citrus Symposium. 1:439.
  • Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives.
  • Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes. 9:109 In: Tanaka, T., Revisio Aurantiacearum. 9:109.
  • Whitmore, T. C., ed. 1972–. Tree flora of Malaya.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Citrus hystrix DC.:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • PlantSystematics.org
  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?10714 (28 July 2014)

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