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Taxon: Frangula alnus Mill.

Genus: Frangula
Family: Rhamnaceae tribe: Rhamneae.
Nomen number: 105534
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Frangula no. 1. 1768
Name verified on: 30-Oct-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
IL(as Rhamnus frangula)*, MA*, MN*, NH(as Rhamnus frangula)*, VT(as Rhamnus frangula)*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:


Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Iran [n.]; Iraq [n.]; Syria [n.]; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    China: China - Xinjiang [n.]
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain

      Naturalized:
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    United States

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. 255–267 In: Luken, J. O. & J. W. Thieret, eds., Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255–267.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. [poisonous].
  • Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). [accepts].
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. [accepts].
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist. [accepts].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. [accepts].
  • Kellermann, J. 2011. Review of Rhamnaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2. pers. comm. [= Rhamnus frangula L.].
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. [poisonous].
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq. [accepts].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea. [accepts].
  • Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [= Rhamnus frangula L.].
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Frangula alnus Mill.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?105534 (24 April 2014)

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