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Taxon: Brassica oleracea L. var. italica Plenck

Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 105447
Place of publication: Icon. pl. med. 6:29, t. 534. 1794
Comment: or B. oleracea Broccoli Group
Name verified on: 08-May-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 28-May-2010
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9).
Accessions: 54 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See other conspecific taxa:

Common names:

  • asparagus broccoli   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • broccoli   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • calabrese   (Source: Baileya 23:30. 1989) – English
  • Cape broccoli   (Source: Econ Bot 36:397-410.) – English
  • heading broccoli   (Source: McFerson, p.c.) – English
  • purple cauliflower   (Source: Econ Bot 36:399.1982) – English
  • sprouting broccoli   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • winter broccoli   (Source: Econ Bot 36:397.1982) – English
  • lu hua cai   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • brocoli asperge   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • chou brocoli   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Brokkoli   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Spargelkohl   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Sprossenbrokkoli   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German
  • cavolo broccolo   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • brócoli   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • brécol   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • brócoli   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • brecolera   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish

Economic importance:

  • Human food: vegetable   (fide Baileya 23:30. 1989)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in cabbage/kale   (fide Euphytica 131:65. 2003)
  • Gene sources: research in plant biology   (fide Theor Appl Genet 93:834. 1996 for generating genetically uniform plants used in genetic linkage analysis)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (to ruminants fide Kingsbury, as B. oleracea var. botrytis "Broccoli")

Distributional range:

  • only cultivated


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya.
  • Bailey, L. H. 1949. Manual of cultivated plants, revised ed.
  • Bohuon, E. J. R. et al. 1996. Alignment of the conserved C genomes of Brassica oleracea and Brassica napus. Theor. Appl. Genet. 93:833–839.
  • Bothmer, R. von et al. 1995. Brassica sect. Brassica (Brassicaceae). II. Inter- and intraspecific crosses with cultivars of B. oleracea. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 42:165–178.
  • Coelho, P. S. & A. A. Monteiro. 2003. Expression of resistance to downy mildew at cotyledon and adult plant stages in Brassica oleracea L. Euphytica 133:279–284.
  • Coelho, P. S. & A. A. Monteiro. 2003. Inheritance of downy mildew resistance in mature broccoli plants. Euphytica 131:65–69.
  • Dias, J. S. 1995. Genetic relationships of Portuguese coles and other close related Brassica genotypes using nuclear RFLPs. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 42:363–369.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Ellis, P. R. et al. 1999. Identification of high levels of resistance to cabbage root fly, Delia radicum, in wild Brassica species. Euphytica 110:207–214.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Farinhó, M. et al. 2004. Mapping of a locus for adult plant resistance to downy mildew in broccoli (Brassica oleracea convar. italica). Theor. Appl. Genet. 109:1392–1398.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Gray, A. R. 1982. Taxonomy and evolution of broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica). Econ. Bot. 36:397–410.
  • Gray, A. R. 1989. Taxonomy and evolution of broccolis and cauliflowers. Baileya 23:28–46.
  • Hansen, L. N. & E. D. Earle. 1995. Transfer of resistance to Xanthomonas campestris pv campestris into Brassica oleracea L. by protoplast fusion. Theor. Appl. Genet. 91:1293–1300.
  • Hegi, G. et al. 1986. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- 4(1):448. [= cultivariety].
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae. [= B. oleracea subsp. botrytis (L.) Duchesne].
  • Kalia, P. 2009. Chapter 16. Genetic improvement in vegetable crucifers. Pp. 310–342 in: Gupta, S. K., Biology and breeding of Crucifers.
  • Kianian, S. F. & C. F. Quiros. 1992. Trait inheritance, fertility, and genomic relationships of some n=9 Brassica species. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 39:165–175.
  • Kresovich, S. et al. 1992. Characterization of genetic identities and relationships of Brassica oleracea L. via a random amplified polymorphic DNA assay. Theor. Appl. Genet. 85:190–196.
  • Lázaro, A. & I. Aguinagalde. 1998. Genetic diversity in Brassica oleracea L. (Cruciferae) and wild relatives (2n=18) using isozymes. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 82:821–828.
  • Lan, T.-H. & A. H. Paterson. 2000. Comparative mapping of quantitative trait loci sculpting the curd of Brassica oleracea. Genetics 155:1927–1954.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [= B. oleracea Italica Group].
  • Louarn, S. et al. 2007. Database derived microsatellite markers (SSRs) for cultivar differentiation in Brassica oleracea. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:1717–1725.
  • Lowman, A. C. & M. D. Purugganan. 1999. Duplication of the Brassica oleracea APETALA1 floral homeotic gene and the evolution of domesticated cauliflower. J. Heredity 90:514–520.
  • Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McFerson, J. 1994. pers. comm. [re. common names].
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Purugganan, M. D. et al. 2000. Variation and selection at the CAULIFLOWER floral homeotic gene accompanying the evolution of domesticated Brassica oleracea. Genetics 155:855–862.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Smith, L. B. & G. J. King. 2000. The distribution of Bo-CAL-a alleles in Brassica oleracea is consistent with a genetic model for curd development and domestication of the cauliflower. Molec. Breed. 6:603–613.
  • Snogerup, S. 1980. Chapter 7. The wild forms of the Brassica oleracea group (2n=18) and their possible relations to the cultivated ones. Pp. 121–132 in: Tsunoda, S. et al., Brassica crop and wild allies, biology and breeding.
  • Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 1. Genome evolution of diploid and amphidiploid species. Theor. Appl. Genet. 75:784–794.
  • Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 2. Preliminary analysis of subspecies within B. rapa (syn. campestris) and B. oleracea. Theor. Appl. Genet. 76:593–600.
  • Song, K. et al. 1990. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 3. Genome relationships in Brassica and related genera and the origin of B. oleracea and B. rapa (syn. campestris). Theor. Appl. Genet. 79:497–506.
  • Tonguç, M. & P. D. Griffiths. 2004. Development of black rot resistant interspecific hybrids between Brassica oleracea L. cultivars and Brassica accession A 19182, using embryo rescue. Euphytica 136:313–318.
  • Tonguç, M. & P. D. Griffiths. 2004. Genetic relationships of Brassica vegetables determined usind database derived simple sequence repeats. Euphytica 137:193–201.
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249–258. [lists in database].
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Genetic Resources of Cruciferous Crops. 12.

Check other web resources for Brassica oleracea L. var. italica Plenck:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops

Check other databases for images:

  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to Brassica Genome Gateway
Jump to BrassicaDB

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (27 November 2015)

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