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Taxon: Cichorium intybus L.

Genus: Cichorium
Family: Asteraceae (alt. Compositae) subfamily: Cichorioideae tribe: Cichorieae subtribe: Cichoriinae.
Nomen number: 10543
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:813. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 21-Jun-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 21-Jun-2012
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 174 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
CO*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

More:

Economic importance:

  • Food additives: dietary fiber   (source of fructan fide Biol Util Comp 2:111. 1996)
  • Food additives: flavoring   (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Human food: beverage base   (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of endive   (based on fertile hybrids in crosses with annual, self-compatible Cichorium endivia fide Pl Sci 172:597. 2007)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Oman
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Ireland; Norway
    East Europe: Moldova
    Southwestern Europe: Portugal
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, North Carolina
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, Nevada, Utah
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Northern South America: Venezuela - Tachira
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

      Adventive:
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Finland

      Cultivated:
  • AFRICA
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India
    Indo-China: Myanmar
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia
    East Europe: Russian Federation - European part
    Southeastern Europe: Italy; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    United States
  • lesser cultivated elsewhere

      Other:
  • exact native range obscure

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Blervacq, A. S. et al. 1995. First divisions of somatic embryogenic cells in Cichorium hybrid "474". Protoplasma 186:163?168.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables.
  • Cappelle, C. et al. 2007. Regeneration and molecular characterization of a male sterile interspecific somatic hybrid between Cichorium intybus and C. endivia. Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 172:596–603.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7.
  • Desprez, B. F. et al. 1994. Genetique et amelioration de la chicoree industrielle (Genetics and breeding of industrial chicory). Compt. Rend. Acad. Agric. France 80(7):47–62.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Hu, S.-Y. 1970. Compositae of China. 48.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  • Jardin botanique national de Belgique. 1967–. Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale).
  • John, P. 1996. Control of fructan metabolism in the Compositae. 2:111–119 In: Caligari, P. D. S. & D. J. N. Hind, eds., Compositae: biology and utilization. 2:111–119.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Kiers, A. M. 2000. Endive, chicory, and their wild relatives. A systematic and phylogenetic study of Cichorium (Asteraceae). Gorteria supp. 5:61–65.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 161–162.
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975–1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. [= C. intybus var. foliosum].
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980–. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996–. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of India.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Stewart, R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Cichorium intybus L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?10543 (01 August 2014)

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