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Taxon: Proboscidea louisianica (Mill.) Thell.

Genus: Proboscidea
Family: Martyniaceae. Also placed in: Pedaliaceae
Nomen number: 105049
Place of publication: Fl. adv. Montpellier 480. 1912 Jan (Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Math. Cherbourg 38(sér. 4, vol. 8):480. 1912)
Name verified on: 14-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 03-Apr-2013
Species priority site is: National Arid Land Plant Genetic Resources Unit (PARL).
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • devil's-claw   (Source: AH 505 ) – English   [Proboscidea louisianica subsp. louisianica]
  • elephant tusks   (Source: Global Comp Weeds ) – English
  • elephant tusks   (Source: Global Comp Weeds ) – English   [Proboscidea louisianica subsp. louisianica]
  • goat's-head   (Source: Global Comp Weeds ) – English
  • goat's-head   (Source: Global Comp Weeds ) – English   [Proboscidea louisianica subsp. louisianica]
  • Louisiana devil's-claw   (Source: L New Mex ) – English   [Proboscidea louisianica subsp. louisianica]
  • martynia   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English   [Proboscidea louisianica subsp. louisianica]
  • proboscis-flower   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English   [Proboscidea louisianica subsp. louisianica]
  • purple-flower devil's-claw   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • purple-flower devil's-claw   (Source: Noxweed Aust ) – English   [Proboscidea louisianica subsp. louisianica]
  • ram's horn   (Source: Global Comp Weeds ) – English
  • ram's-horn   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Proboscidea louisianica subsp. louisianica]
  • sweet unicorn-plant   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English   [Proboscidea louisianica subsp. fragrans]
  • unicorn-plant   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English   [Proboscidea louisianica subsp. louisianica]
  • unicorn-plant   (Source: Global Comp Weeds ) – English
  • duftendes Gämshorn   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German   [Proboscidea louisianica subsp. fragrans]
  • Lousiana-Gämshorn   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German   [Proboscidea louisianica subsp. louisianica]
  • Ziegenhuf   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Proboscidea louisianica subsp. louisianica]
  • casco de cabra   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Proboscidea louisianica subsp. louisianica]
  • martinia   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Proboscidea louisianica subsp. louisianica]
  • lila bockhorn   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Proboscidea louisianica subsp. fragrans]

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Southern Africa: South Africa - Eastern Cape, Free State
    Australia: Australia
    East Europe: Russian Federation - European part [s.e.]
    Southeastern Europe: Italy
    Southwestern Europe: Portugal; Spain


  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Bretting, P. K. 1983. The taxonomic relationship between Proboscidea louisianica and Proboscidea fragrans (Martyniaceae). SouthW. Naturalist 28:445–449.
  • Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989–. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Hevly, R. H. 1969. Nomenclatural history and typification of Martynia and Proboscidea (Martyniaceae). Taxon 18:527–534.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia.
  • Randall, R. P. 2002. A global compendium of weeds.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).


Check other web resources for Proboscidea louisianica (Mill.) Thell.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (07 October 2015)

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