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Taxon: Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.

Genus: Chrysopogon
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Andropogoneae.
Nomen number: 10501
Place of publication: Fund. Agrost. 188. 1820
Name verified on: 17-Mar-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 17-Mar-2003
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A FEDERAL AND STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared noxious weed by USDA-APHIS.
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AL*, FL*, MA*, NC*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • lesser spear grass   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English
  • love grass   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 4:92.) – English
  • Mackie's pest   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • pilipiliula   (Source: USDA/APHIS ) – English
  • grama-amorosa   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • amorseco   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 4:92.) – unknown

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China - Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia - Northern Territory, Queensland
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji

      Naturalized:
  • AFRICA
    East Tropical Africa: Uganda
  • PACIFIC
    Northwestern Pacific: Guam

      Cultivated:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China

References:

  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 4:92–93.
  • Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Kamal-Uddin, M. et al. 2009. Floristic composition of weed community in turf grass area of West Peninsular Malaysia. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 11:13–20.
  • Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Plant Protection and Quarantine Office. United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource).
  • Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  • Reddy, G. V. 2011. Survey of invasive plants on Guam and identification of the 20 most widespread. Micronesica 41:263–274.
  • Shukla, U. 1996. Grasses of north-eastern India.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa. [introduced].
  • Veldkamp, J. F. 1999. A revision of Chrysopogon Trin., including Vetiveria Bory (Poaceae) in Thailand and Malesia with notes on some other species from Africa and Australia. Austrobaileya 5:509–510.
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?10501 (21 December 2014)

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