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Taxon: Chenopodium berlandieri Moq.

Genus: Chenopodium
Family: Chenopodiaceae subfamily: Chenopodioideae tribe: Chenopodieae. Also placed in: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 104843
Place of publication: Chenop. monogr. enum. 23. 1840
Name verified on: 30-Apr-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 30-Apr-2004
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 11 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • pigweed   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • pit-seed goosefoot   (Source: Glea Cron ed2 ) – English
  • southern huauzontle   (Source: Cornucopia [as C. berlandieri]) – English   [Chenopodium berlandieri subsp. nuttalliae]
  • Berlandiers Gänsefuß   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • Nuttalls Gänsefuß   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German   [Chenopodium berlandieri subsp. nuttalliae]
  • bledo extranjero   (Source: Cornucopia [as C. berlandieri]) – Spanish   [Chenopodium berlandieri subsp. nuttalliae]
  • huauthli   (Source: Amer J Bot ) – Spanish (Mexico)   [Chenopodium berlandieri subsp. nuttalliae]
  • huauzontle   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish (Mexico)   [Chenopodium berlandieri subsp. nuttalliae]

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of quinoa   (fide Amer J Bot 66:201. 1979)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    Eastern Canada: Canada - Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Quebec [s.]
    Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama [s.], Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    Mexico [n.]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Hungary; Poland
    East Europe: Ukraine


  • Chester, E. W. et al. 1993–1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Fuentes-Bazan, S. et al. 2012. A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, and a tribal rearrangement of Chenopodioideae (Chenopodiaceae). Willdenowia 42:5–24.
  • Fuentes-Bazan, S. et al. 2012. Towards a species level tree of the globally diverse genus Chenopodium (Chenopodiaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 62:359–374.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. [= C. album].
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Harrington, H. 1954. Manual of the plants of Colorado.
  • Hegi, G. et al. 1960. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- 3:625.
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955–1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. [= C. album].
  • Jellen, E. N. et al. 2013. Chapter 8. Prospects for Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) Improvement through biotechnology. Pp. 173–201 in: Jain, S. M. & S. Dutta Gupta, eds., Biotechnology of neglected and underutilized crops. Springer Science+Business Media, Dordrecht, Germany.
  • Jonsell, B., ed. 2000. Flora nordica.
  • Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles. 1969. Arizona flora, ed. 2.
  • Kolano, B. et al. 2011. Chromosomal localization of two novel repetitive sequences isolated from the Chenopodium quinoa Willd. genome. Genome 54:710–717. [it examined repetitive sequences in closely related Chenopodium berlandieri subsp. berlandieri and nuttalliae].
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  • Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1977. Atlas of the Flora of the Great Plains.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Wahl, H. A. 1954. A preliminary study of the genus Chenopodium in North America. Bartonia 27:40–42.
  • Welsh, S. L. & G. Moore. 1973. Utah Plants.
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. 1993. A Utah flora. [= C. album var. berlandieri (Moq.) Mack. & Bush].
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida.


Check other web resources for Chenopodium berlandieri Moq.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (10 October 2015)

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