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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Prunus rivularis Scheele

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Prunus section: Prunocerasus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae.
Nomen number: 104772
Place of publication: Linnaea 21:594. 1848
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 04-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 04-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System.

Common names:

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Krussmann)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide Krussmann)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for apricot   (based on the use of a hybrid with Prunus cerasifera fide Pl Breed (NY) 124:68. 2005)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for plum   (based on the use of a hybrid with Prunus cerasifera fide Tree Physiol 29:809. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Japanese plum   (based on hybrids with Prunus salicina fide Amer J Bot 34:332. 1947)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of myrobalan plum   (based on the use of a hybrid with Prunus cerasifera fide Tree Physiol 29:809. 2009)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • also cultivated


  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797–807. [this study recognized Prunus munsoniana].
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Flory, W. S. 1947. Crossing relationships among hybrid and specific plum varieties and among the several Prunus species which are involved. Amer. J. Bot. 34:330–335. [as Prunus munsoniana].
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches. 265–298 In: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. 265–298. [as Prunus munsoniana].
  • Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller. 2009. Plum breeding. 161–231 In: Jain, S. M. & P.M. Priyadarshan, eds., Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species. 161–231. [as Prunus munsoniana].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129–133. [this study included this species as Prunus munsoniana of section Prunocerasus; it found that it grouped with several members of this North American section sister to other species in the subgenus Prunus].
  • Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock. 2008. Chapter 11. Plums. 337–359 In: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. 337–359. [as Prunus munsoniana].
  • Pina, A. et al. 2009. Cell-to-cell transport through plasmodesmata in tree callus cultures. Tree Physiol. 29:809–818. [this study cited Prunus munsoniana as a parental species of a graft stock hybrid for plum].
  • Rato, A. E. et al. 2008. Soil and rootstock influence on fruit quality of plums (Prunus domestica L.). Sci. Hort. 118:218–222. [this study examined hybrids between Prunus cerasifera and this species as P. munsoniana].
  • Rohrer, J. R. et al. 2004. Microsatellite analysis of relationships among North American plums (Prunus sect. Prunocerasus, Rosaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 244:69–75. [this study examined samples of both Prunus rivularis and P. munsoniana; these samples grouped together confirming morphological affinities].
  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). 9: in press In: FNA Editorial Committee, Flora of North America. 9: in press.
  • Rubio, M. et al. 2005. Evaluation of resistance to sharka (plum pox virus) of several Prunus rootstocks. Pl. Breed. (New York) 124:67–70. [cites a hybrid Prunus cerasifera × "P. munsoniana"].
  • University of Texas at Austin, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Native Plant Information Network database (on-line resource).


Check other web resources for Prunus rivularis Scheele:


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (24 April 2014)

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