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Taxon: Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.

Genus: Cirsium
Family: Asteraceae (alt. Compositae) subfamily: Carduoideae tribe: Cardueae subtribe: Carduinae.
Nomen number: 104163
Place of publication: Fl. napol. 5:209. 1835-1836
Name verified on: 25-May-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
No species priority site assigned.

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
CA*, CO*°, IA*, MI*°, MN*°, NM*, OR*, PA*°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • black thistle   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • boar thistle   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • bull thistle   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • common thistle   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • green thistle   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • Scotch thistle   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 [but this adjective is best avoided, may cause offence in Scotland]) – English
  • Scottish thistle   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 ) – English
  • spear thistle   (Source: Econ Pl Aust ) – English
  • Skotse dissel   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 ) – Afrikaans
  • speerdissel   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 ) – Afrikaans
  • yi ji   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • chardon lancéolé   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • chardon vulgaire   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • gros chardon   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • piqueux   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • gewöhnliche Kratzdistel   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Lanzett-Kratzdistel   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • pua kala   (Source: F Hawaii ) – Hawaiian
  • cardo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cardo-de-costela   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cardo-negro   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • vägtistel   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Gorno-Altay, Kemerovo, Krasnoyarsk [s.], Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tuva, Tyumen [s.]
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan
    China: China - Xinjiang [n.]
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya
    Western Indian Ocean: Reunion
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    Western Asia: Israel
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    United States
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Western South America: Ecuador - Pichincha; Peru - Cuzco
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay - Neembucu; Uruguay

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976–. Flores des Mascareignes.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12.
  • Henderson, M. et al. 1987. Declared weeds and alien invader plants in South Africa. Botanical Research Institute, bulletin 413.
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955–1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931–1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000–. Flora of Siberia (English translation).
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia.
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979–1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980–. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Ryder, E. J. 1999. Lettuce, endive and chicory. Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 9:134. [mentions].
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Branch, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. 1999. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act.
  • Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  • Stewart, R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i.
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?104163 (21 April 2014)

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