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Taxon: Ageratum conyzoides L.

Genus: Ageratum
Family: Asteraceae (alt. Compositae).
Nomen number: 103793
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:839. 1753, nom. cons. prop.
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comments:
  • a pending conservation proposal, if adopted, will preserve its current usage
  • proposed for conservation (nom. cons. prop.) with a conserved type (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.9)
  • review history of nomenclature proposal concerning this name from the Smithsonian Institution's database
Name verified on: 08-Jan-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 19-Sep-2014
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9).

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

Common names:

  • billygoat-plant   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • billygoat-weed   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • bluebonnet   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • bluetop   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • goatweed   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • tropical whiteweed   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • whiteweed   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • indringer ageratum   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 ) – Afrikaans
  • borgoman   (Source: F Egypt ) – Arabic
  • ageratum fausse conyze   (Source: L Noms French ed7 ) – French
  • azier françois   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • bouton   (Source: F LAnt ) – French
  • catinga-de-bode   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • erva-de-São-José   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mentrasto   (Source: Persp New Crops Uses ) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • picão-roxo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • huarmi   (Source: Names Soukup ) – Quichua (Peru)
  • chuva   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • hierba de chucho   (Source: F Guat ) – Spanish (Guatemala)
  • hierbe de perro   (Source: F Guat ) – Spanish (Guatemala)
  • läkeageratum   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Materials: potential as essential oils   (fide Biol Util Comp)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):92. 1999; biodiv Conserv 13:460. 2004)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide F Yemen)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Atlas WWeed; Weeds SAfr 2001)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Puerto Rico
    Mesoamerica: El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands
    Northern Africa: Egypt
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Congo; Gabon
    West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    Southern Africa: Botswana; South Africa; Swaziland
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India
    Indo-China: Indochina; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Missouri
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
    Mexico
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia; Niue; Tonga
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname

      Cultivated:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China
  • EUROPE
    Europe
  • PACIFIC
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Boulos, L. 1999–. Flora of Egypt.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Burkill, H. M. 1985–2004. The useful plants of west tropical Africa.
  • Caligari, P. D. S. & D. J. N. Hind, eds. 1996. Compositae: biology and utilization.
  • Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute. African flowering plants database (on-line resource).
  • Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Janick, J., ed. 1999. Perspectives on new crops and uses.
  • Jarvis, C. E. & N. J. Turland, eds. 1998. Typification of Linnaean specific and varietal names in the Compositae (Asteraceae). Taxon 47:351. [typification].
  • Johnson, M. F. 1971. A monograph of the genus Ageratum L. (Compositae - Eupatorieae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:26–31.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India. Biodivers. & Conservation 13:460.
  • Koo, S. J. et al. 2000. Common weeds of Viet Nam.
  • Lasser, T., ed. 1964–. Flora de Venezuela.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975–1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 2000. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. 12(1):92 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 12(1):92.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Reveal, J. L. & C. E. Jarvis. 2009. (1905) Proposal to conserve the name Ageratum conyzoides (Asteraceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 58:1011.
  • Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson. 1976. Flora of Hassan district.
  • Soerjani, M. et al., eds. 1987. Weeds of rice in Indonesia.
  • Soukup, J. 1970. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  • Turner, B. L. 1997. The comps of Mexico: a systematic account of the family Asteraceae. Volume 1: Eupatoreae. Phytologia Mem. 11:52.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943–1980. Flora of Panama.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.
More:

Check other web resources for Ageratum conyzoides L.:


Check other web resources for images:

  • PlantSystematics.org
  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?103793 (25 October 2014)

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