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Taxon: Saccharum ravennae (L.) L.

Genus: Saccharum
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Andropogoneae
Nomen number: 103325
Place of publication: Syst. veg. ed. 13:88. 1774
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
  • Linnaeus is author of the new names in Syst. veg. ed. 13
  • Murray was simply editor, fide TL-2 3:110, 670. 1981
Name verified on: 01-Jul-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 01-Jul-2009
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 10 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • Italian sugarcane   (Source: F Iraq ) – English
  • plume grass   (Source: F Iraq ) – English
  • Ravenna grass   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • sockergräs   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control   (for erosion control fide F ChinaEng)
  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide F Iraq; Hortus 3, as Erianthus ravennae)
  • Animal food: forage   (when young fide F ChinaEng)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of sugarcane   (fide J Pl Res 115:387. 2002, based on phylogenetic affinities with S. arundinaceum; Crop Sci 49:865. 2009, citing a 1941 report of hybridization with S. spontaneum)

Distributional range:

    Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Somalia
    Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    China: China - Xinjiang
    Indian Subcontinent: India [n.]; Pakistan
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sicily]; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France [s. & Corsica]; Spain [incl. Baleares]

    United States

    United States


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya. [lists as S. ravennae (L.) Murray].
  • Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. [lists as S. ravennae (L.) Murray].
  • Cordeiro, G. M. et al. 2003. Sugarcane microsatellites for the assessment of genetic diversity in sugarcane germplasm. Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 165:181–189.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. [lists as S. ravennae (L.) Murray].
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). [= Tripidium ravennae (L.) H. Scholtz].
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2.
  • Grassl, C. O. 1972. Taxonomy of Saccharum relatives: Sclerostachya, Narenga, and Erianthus. Proc. Int. Soc. Sugar Cane Technol. 14:244. [based on floral structures & growth type, Grassl accepted the recognition of this Old World taxon in the genus Ripidium Trin., unaware of its nomenclatural unavailable status].
  • Hodkinson, T. R. et al. 2002. Phylogenetics of Miscanthus, Saccharum and related genera (Saccharinae, Andropogoneae, Poaceae) based on DNA sequences from ITS nuclear ribosomal DNA and plastid trnL intron and trnL-F intergenic spacers. J. Pl. Res. 115:381–392. [a phylogeny of the genus Miscanthus included sequences from this taxon (as S. ravennae Murr.) that clustered sister to S. arundinaceum & finding support of and Old World group (Ripidium) distant from Saccharum].
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931–1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. [lists as S. ravennae (L.) Murray].
  • Lambert, A. M. et al. 2010. Invasive species and fire in Califronia ecosystems. Fremontia 38:29–36.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Meikle, R. D. 1977–1985. Flora of Cyprus. [lists as S. ravennae (L.) Murray].
  • Meyer, M. H. 2012. Chapter 3. Ornamental grasses in the United States. Hort. Rev. 39:121–151.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan. [lists as S. ravennae (L.) Murray].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. [lists as S. ravennae (L.) Murray].
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica. [lists as S. ravennae (L.) Murray].
  • Thulin, M., ed. 1993–. Flora of Somalia. [lists as S. ravennae (L.) Murray].
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq. [lists as S. ravennae (L.) Murray].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea. [lists as S. ravennae (L.) Murray].
  • Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR. [= Erianthus ravennae (L.) P. Beauv.].
  • Wang, X.-H. et al. 2009. Molecular identification of Saccharum spp. × Erianthus fulvus hybrids using sequence-characterized amplified region markers. Crop Sci. (Madison) 49:865.
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:555.


Check other web resources for Saccharum ravennae (L.) L.:

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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