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Taxon: Solanum tuberosum L.

Genus: Solanum subgenus: Potatoe section: Petota subsection: Potatoe
Family: Solanaceae subfamily: Solanoideae tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 103137
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:185. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 14-Jan-2006
Species priority site is: Potato Germplasm Introduction Station (NR6).
Accessions: 1154 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘POTATO’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • Irish potato   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. tuberosum]
  • limeña potato   (Source: Bioscience 48:451.) – English   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. andigenum]
  • potato   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English
  • potato   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. tuberosum]
  • white potato   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. tuberosum]
  • yellow potato   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. andigenum]
  • yang yu   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. tuberosum]
  • pomme de terre   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. tuberosum]
  • Kartoffel   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. tuberosum]
  • jaga-imo   (Source: Names Batra ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. tuberosum]
  • gamja   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. tuberosum]
  • ziemniak   (Source: E. Zimnoch-Guzowska) – Polish   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. tuberosum]
  • batata   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. tuberosum]
  • chaucha   (Source: Lost Crops Incas ) – Quichua (Peru)   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. andigenum]
  • phureja   (Source: Lost Crops Incas [as S. phureja]) – Quichua (Peru)   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. andigenum]
  • pitiquiña   (Source: Lost Crops Incas ) – Quichua (Peru)   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. andigenum]
  • kartofel'   (Source: Y. N, p.c.) – Transliterated Russian   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. tuberosum]
  • andigena   (Source: Lost Crops Incas ) – Spanish   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. andigenum]
  • papa   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. tuberosum]
  • papa amarilla   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – Spanish   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. andigenum]
  • potatis   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Solanum tuberosum subsp. tuberosum]

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands [landraces]
    Indian Subcontinent: India [landraces]
    Mexico [landraces]
    Mesoamerica: Central America [landraces]
    Northern South America: Venezuela [s.w. (landraces)]
    Western South America: Bolivia [landraces]; Colombia [landraces]; Ecuador [landraces]; Peru [landraces]
    Southern South America: Argentina [n.w. (landraces)]; Chile [landraces]
  • widely cultivated




Check other web resources for Solanum tuberosum L.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to Solanaceae Genomics Network

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (09 October 2015)

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