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Taxon: Pistia stratiotes L.

Genus: Pistia
Family: Araceae subfamily: Aroideae tribe: Pistieae.
Nomen number: 102491
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:963. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 28-Apr-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
No species priority site assigned.

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
ALª*, CTª, FLª, PRª, SCª, TXª.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.
Link to species profile at National Invasive Species Information Center

Common names:

  • Nile-cabbage   (Source: Weed CIBA ) – English
  • shellflower   (Source: Trop Flow Pl ) – English
  • tropical-duckweed   (Source: Weed CIBA ) – English
  • water-cabbage   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • water-lettuce   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • waterbonnet   (Source: Trop Flow Pl ) – English
  • waterslaai   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 ) – Afrikaans
  • laitue d'eau   (Source: J.-G. Fouché) – French
  • Wassersalat   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • alface-d'água   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • flor-d'água   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • repolho-d'água   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lechuga de agua   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • musselblomma   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Egypt
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa - Cape Province, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal; Swaziland
    Western Indian Ocean: Comoros; Madagascar; Mauritius
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan
    China: China - Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    North Indian Ocean: India - Andaman and Nicobar
    Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Brunei; Indonesia - Celebes, Irian Jaya, Java, Kalimantan, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, Sumatra; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Singapore
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia - Northern Territory, Queensland
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Mexico
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda - Antigua; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; St. Vincent and Grenadines - St. Vincent; Trinidad and Tobago
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina [n.]; Paraguay; Uruguay

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963–1968. Flora of Java.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Brickell, C., ed. 1997. The American Horticultural Society. Encyclopaedia of garden plants.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Fouché, J.-G. 1999. pers. comm. [re. French common names].
  • Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin. 2002. World checklist and bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae).
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hay, A. et al. 1995. Checklist & botanical bibliography of the aroids of Malesia, Australia, and the tropical western Pacific. Blumea suppl. 8.
  • Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12.
  • Henderson, M. et al. 1987. Declared weeds and alien invader plants in South Africa. Botanical Research Institute, bulletin 413.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975–1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  • Llamas, K. A. 2003. Tropical flowering plants: a guide to identification and cultivation.
  • Long, R. W. & O. Lakela. 1971. A flora of tropical Florida.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource).
  • Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.
More:

Check other web resources for Pistia stratiotes L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?102491 (01 October 2014)

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