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Taxon: Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum (Dunal) Heiser & Pickersgill

Genus: Capsicum
Family: Solanaceae subfamily: Solanoideae tribe: Capsiceae
Nomen number: 102342
Place of publication: Baileya 19:156. 1975
Name verified on: 22-Jan-1997 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 22-Jan-1997
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 66 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘PEPPERS’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See other conspecific taxa:

Common names:


Economic importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring   (fide Eshbaugh in J. Janick & J. E. Simmon 137. 1993, as C. annuum var. aviculare)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of Tabasco pepper   (based on records of fertile hybrids with Capsicum frutescens fide Int J Pl Sci 162:1411. 2001)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of bell/chili pepper   (fide Phytologia 47:156. 1980)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of habanero pepper   (based on records of fertile hybrids with Capsicum frutescens, a closely related species, fide Int J Pl Sci 162:1411. 2001)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of bell/chili pepper   (fide Amer J Bot 96:1200. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of aji   (based on hybrid pollen viability values of F1 hybrids with Capsicum baccatum var. pendulum fide Crop Breed Appl Biot 11:246, 247. 2011)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rocoto   (based on crossing barriers of Capsicum annuum with Capsicum pubescens fide HortScience 26:585. 1991)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, Georgia [e.], Louisiana
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona [s.]
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, Chiapas, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan
    Caribbean: Anguilla; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Western South America: Colombia

  • naturalized elsewhere


  • ASDM Sonoran Desert Digital Library. Arizona Sonoran Desert Museum digital library (on-line resource).
  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica. [treats as C. baccatum L.].
  • Aguilar-Meléndez, A. et al. 2009. Genetic diversity and structure in semiwild and domesticated chiles (Capsicum annuum; Solanaceae) from Mexico. Amer. J. Bot. 96:1190–1202.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Balick, M. J. et al. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85.
  • Eshbaugh, W. H. 1980. The taxonomy of the genus Capsicum (Solanaceae) - 1980. Phytologia 47:156.
  • Eshbaugh, W. H. 1993. Peppers: history and exploitation of a serendipitous new crop discovery. Pp. 132–139 in: Janick, J. & J. E. Simmon, eds., New crops.
  • Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. 1978–. Flora de Veracruz.
  • González-Jara, P. et al. 2011. Impact of human management on the genetic variation of wild pepper, Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum. PLoS One 6(12):e28715.
  • Heiser, C. B., Jr. & B. Pickersgill. 1975. Names for the bird peppers (Capsicum - Solanaceae). Baileya 19:151–156.
  • Hernández-Verdugo, S. et al. 2012. Caracterización y variación ecogeográfica de poblaciones de chile (Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum silvestre del noroeste de México. Polibotanica 33:175–191.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles. 1969. Arizona flora, ed. 2. [treats as C. baccatum L.].
  • Kraft, K. H. et al. 2013. A new collection of wild populations of Capsicum in Mexico and the southern United States. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:225–232.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Liogier, H. A. 1984–. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  • Loaiza-Figueroa, F. et al. 1989. Patterns of genetic variation of the genus Capsicum (Solanaceae) in Mexico. Pl. Syst. Evol. 165:159–188.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mongkolporn, O. & P. W. J. Taylor. 2011. Chapter 4. Capsicum. Pp. 43–57 in: Kole, C., ed., Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, vegetables. [mentions as the only tetraploid (2n=48) species in the genus].
  • Monteiro da Silva, C. E. et al. 2011. Reproductive characterization of interspecific hybrids among Capsicum species. Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. 11:241–249.
  • Moscone, E. A. et al. 2007. The evolution of chili peppers (Capsicum - Solanaceae): a cytogenetic perspective. Acta Hort. 745:137–170.
  • NatureServe. 2009–. NatureServe Explorer: an online encyclopedia of life (on-line resource).
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI. [treats as C. baccatum L.].
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Sudré, C. P. et al. 2010. Genetic variability in domesticated Capsicum spp. as assessed by morphological and agronomic data in mixed statistical analysis. Genet. Molec. Res. 9:283–294.
  • Turner, B. L. et al. 2003. Atlas of the vascular plants of Texas. Sida Botanical Miscellany no. 24. [treats C. annuum L.].
  • University of Texas at Austin, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Native Plant Information Network database (on-line resource).
  • Walsh, B. M. & S. B. Hoot. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of Capsicum (Solanaceae) using DNA sequences from two noncoding regions: The chloroplast atpB-rbcL spacer region and nuclear waxy introns. Int. J. Pl. Sci. 162:1409–1418. [as Capsicum annuum var. "avicular"].
  • Weakley, A. S. 2007. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia, and surrounding areas.
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943–1980. Flora of Panama.
  • Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen. Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource).
  • Zijlstra, S. et al. 1991. Pollen tube growth in interspecific crosses between Capsicum species. HortScience 26:585–586.


Check other web resources for Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum (Dunal) Heiser & Pickersgill:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops


  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to Solanaceae Genomics Network

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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