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Taxon: Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill.

Genus: Linaria
Family: Plantaginaceae tribe: Antirrhineae. Also placed in: Scrophulariaceae Veronicaceae
Nomen number: 102284
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Linaria no. 13. 1768
Comment: perhaps of hybrid origin
Name verified on: 22-Oct-1991 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
No species priority site assigned.


A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AZ(as Linaria genistifolia subsp. dalmatica)*°, CA(as Linaria genistifolia subsp. dalmatica)*, CO*°, ID(as Linaria dalmatica ssp. dalmatica and as Linaria genistifolia subsp. dalmatica)*°, MN*, MT*°, ND(as Linaria genistifolia subsp. dalmatica)*, NM(as Linaria genistifolia subsp. dalmatica)*, NV*°, OR*°, SD*, UT*°, WA*°, WY*°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.
Link to species profile at National Invasive Species Information Center

Common names:

  • Balkan toadflax   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • broadleaf toadflax   (Source: Noxweed Aust ) – English
  • Dalmatian toadflax   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • Dalmatiner Leinkraut   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – German
  • linaria-dalmática   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • jättesporre   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

Distributional range:

    Western Asia: Iran; Turkey
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece

  • naturalized elsewhere

  • also cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. (unpublished draft)
  • Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Pp. 255–267 in: Luken, J. O. & J. W. Thieret, eds., Assessment and management of plant invasions.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. [= L. genistifolia subsp. dalmatica (L.) Maire & Petitm.].
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. [with two varieties].
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. [mentions under L. genistifolia].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [= L. genistifolia subsp. dalmatica (L.) Maire & Petitm.].
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia.
  • Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  • Sutton, D. A. 1988. A revision of the tribe Antirrhineae. 320.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea. [= L. genistifolia subsp. dalmatica (L.) Maire & Petitm.].
  • USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource).
  • Vujnovic, K. & R. W. Wein. 2005. The biology of Canadian weeds. 106. Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 77:483–491.


Check other web resources for Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (05 October 2015)

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