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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich.

Genus: Xylopia
Family: Annonaceae
Nomen number: 101925
Place of publication: R. de la Sagra, Hist. phys. Cuba, Bot. Pl. vasc. 53. 1841
Name verified on: 02-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 02-Jul-2011
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

  • Ethiopian-pepper   (Source: Use Pl WT Afr ) – English
  • negro-pepper   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • spicetree   (Source: Use Pl WT Afr ) – English
  • poivre de Guinée   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Mohrenpfeffer   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • malagueta-de-Guiné   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • maniguete   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • pimienta de Guinea   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Central African Republic; Gabon; Sao Tome and Principe; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Mozambique; Zambia


  • Berhaut, J. 1971–. Flore illustrée du Senegal.
  • Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature.
  • Burkill, H. M. 1985. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. 1:130–132.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • Keay, R. W. J. 1989. Trees of Nigeria.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.

Check other web resources for Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich.:

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (24 November 2015)

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