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Taxon: Toxicodendron vernicifluum (Stokes) F. A. Barkley

Genus: Toxicodendron
Family: Anacardiaceae subfamily: Anacardioideae
Nomen number: 101869
Place of publication: Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 24:438. 1937
Name verified on: 24-Jun-2015 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 24-Jun-2015
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).


Common names:

  • Chinese lacquertree   (Source: Pl Book [as Rhus verniciflua]) – English
  • Japanese lacquertree   (Source: Hortus 3 [as Rhus verniciflua]) – English
  • Japanese sumac   (Source: Websters Dict [as Rhus verniciflua]) – English
  • Japanese varnishtree   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Rhus verniciflua]) – English
  • lacquertree   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Rhus verniciflua]) – English
  • varnishtree   (Source: Hortus 3 [as Rhus verniciflua]) – English
  • qi shu   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • vernis du Japon   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Rhus verniciflua]) – French
  • Lacksumach   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Rhus verniciflua]) – German
  • urushi   (Source: F JapanOhwi [as Rhus verniciflua]) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • ochnamu   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:125 [as Rhus verniciflua]) – Transcribed Korean
  • verniz-do-Japão   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Rhus verniciflua]) – Portuguese
  • árbol de la laca   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Rhus verniciflua]) – Spanish
  • lacksumak   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Materials: gum/resin   (used for lacquer fide Dict Econ Pl)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Kingsbury)

Distributional range:

    China: China - Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Manipur, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; Nepal; Pakistan [n.]

    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea


  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan. [= Rhus verniciflua Stokes].
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [= Rhus verniciflua Stokes].
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. [= Rhus verniciflua Stokes].
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). [= Rhus verniciflua Stokes].
  • Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. [= Rhus verniciflua Stokes].
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. [= Rhus verniciflua Stokes].
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948–. Flora malesiana. [= Rhus verniciflua Stokes].
  • Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Webster's third new international dictionary. [= Rhus verniciflua Stokes].


Check other web resources for Toxicodendron vernicifluum (Stokes) F. A. Barkley:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (27 November 2015)

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