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Taxon: Chenopodium album L.

Genus: Chenopodium
Family: Chenopodiaceae subfamily: Chenopodioideae tribe: Chenopodieae. Also placed in: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 10178
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:219. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 11-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 11-Mar-2004
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 20 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • fat-hen   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • giant fat-hen   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • lamb's-quarters   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • white goosefoot   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • rukab al-gamal   (Source: Weeds Egypt . 1984) – Arabic
  • shawlah   (Source: Ill L Qatar ) – Arabic
  • weraq   (Source: Ill L Qatar ) – Arabic
  • li   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • ansérine blanche   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • weißer Gänsefuß   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • iwa-akaza   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • yamā-akaza   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • anserina-branca   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • ançarinha-branca   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • erva-formigueira-branca   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • falsa-erva-de-Santa-Maria   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • armuelle   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • cenizo blanco   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • svinmålla   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Germany; Hungary; Luxembourg; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Ukraine
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    South Tropical Africa: Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    Malesia: Papua New Guinea
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Nunavut, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    Mexico
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Northwestern Pacific: Guam
    Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Mesoamerica: Costa Rica
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

      Other:
  • exact native range obscure

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Australian Systematic Botany Society. 1981. Flora of central Australia.
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963–1968. Flora of Java.
  • Beauge, A. 1974. Chenopodium album et especes affines: etude historique et statistique. 447 pp.
  • Black, J. M. 1943–1957. Flora of Southern Australia, ed. 2.
  • Bond, P. & P. Goldblatt. 1984. Plants of the Cape Flora, J. S. African Bot. suppl. vol. 13.
  • Boulos, L. & M. N. El-Hadidi. 1984. The weeds of Egypt.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Burbidge, N. T. & M. Gray. 1970. Flora of the Australian Capital Territory.
  • Burger, W. C., ed. 1971–. Flora costaricensis.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. [poisonous].
  • Correa, M. N. 1969–. Flora patagonica.
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  • Cufodontis, G. 1953–1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • George, A. S., ed. 1984. Flora of Australia. 4:138.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Guillarmod, A. J. 1971. Flora of Lesotho.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Harrington, H. 1954. Manual of the plants of Colorado.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • International Development Consortium. Invasive species compendium (on-line resource).
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1960. Atlas florae europaeae. 3:648.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles. 1969. Arizona flora, ed. 2.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Kitagawa, M. 1979. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. [poisonous].
  • Lems, K. 1960. Floristic botany of the Canary islands.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  • Munz, P. A. 1974. A flora of southern California.
  • Navas-Bustamante, L. E. 1973–1979. Flora de la cuenca de Santiago de Chile.
  • Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rahiminejad, M. R. & R. J. Gornall. 2004. Flavonoid evidence for allopolyploidy in the Chenopodium album aggregate (Amaranthaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 246:77–87.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Ryder, E. J. 1999. Lettuce, endive and chicory. Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 9:134.
  • St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands.
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948–. Flora malesiana.
  • Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, second edition.
  • Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Welsh, S. L. & G. Moore. 1973. Utah Plants.
  • Willis, J. H. 1970–1972. A handbook to plants in Victoria.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Chenopodium album L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?10178 (21 August 2014)

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