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Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav.

Genus: Solanum subgenus: Leptostemonum section: Leprophora
Family: Solanaceae subfamily: Solanoideae tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 101507
Place of publication: Icon. 3:22, t. 243. 1795
Name verified on: 30-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 31-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AL°, AR*°, AZ°, CA*°, CO°, FL°, GA°, HI*°, ID*°, KS°, LA°, MI°, NM°, NV*°, OK*°, OR*, SC°, TX°, WA*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • bull-nettle   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • prairie-berry   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • silverleaf bitter-apple   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 ) – English
  • silverleaf nightshade   (Source: Noxweed Aust ) – English
  • silverleaf-nettle   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • tomato-weed   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • white horse-nettle   (Source: J Adel BG ) – English
  • satansbos   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 ) – Afrikaans
  • arrebenta-cavalo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • melãozinho-do-campo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • trompillo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • silverskatta   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado [s.w.]
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, Louisiana
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay

  • widely naturalized elsewhere

  • probably not native in North America



Check other web resources for Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav.:


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to Solanaceae Genomics Network

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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