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Taxon: Solanum torvum Sw.

Genus: Solanum subgenus: Leptostemonum section: Torva
Family: Solanaceae subfamily: Solanoideae tribe: Solaneae.
Nomen number: 101441
Place of publication: Prodr. 47. 1788
Name verified on: 28-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 28-Nov-2010
Species priority site is: Potato Germplasm Introduction Station (NR6).

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A FEDERAL AND STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared noxious weed by USDA-APHIS.
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AL*, FL*, HI*°, MA*, NC*, PR*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • devil's-fig   (Source: F Aust ) – English
  • pea eggplant   (Source: Cornucopia ) – English
  • platebrush   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 8:258.) – English
  • susumber   (Source: Cornucopia ) – English
  • turkeyberry   (Source: State Noxweed Seed ) – English
  • shui qie   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • Teufels-Nachtschatten   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • pokak   (Source: Cornucopia ) – Indonesian
  • takokak   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 8:258.) – Indonesian
  • terong pipit   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 8:258.) – Malay
  • jurubeba   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • berenjena cimarrona   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • terongan   (Source: State Noxweed Seed ) – Spanish
  • ärtaubergin   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Human food: fruit   (fide Cornucopia)
  • Human food: vegetable   (fide Cornucopia)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for eggplant   (fide Pl Cell Tissue Cult 65:98. 2001)
  • Gene sources: graft stock for lulo   (fide Pl Res SEAs 8:260. 1993)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for eggplant   (fide Scient Hort 2011)
  • Gene sources: pest resistance for eggplant   (fide Pl Cell Tissue Cult 65:98. 2001)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of eggplant   (fide Pl Breed (NY) 117:159-164. 1998)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Bothalia 33:15. 2003)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Econ Pl Aust; J. Adel BG 4:116. 1981)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Veracruz [s.], Yucatan
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda - Antigua; Bahamas; Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil - Bahia, Espirito Santo, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo
    Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador

      Naturalized:
  • widely naturalized elsewhere

References:

  • Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource).
  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Arao, T. et al. 2008. Reduction of cadmium translocation from roots to shoots in eggplant (Solanum melongena) by grafting onto Solanum torvum rootstock. Soil Sci. Pl. Nutr. 54:555–559.
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1967–. Flore de la Nouvelle Caledonie et dependances.
  • Balick, M. J. et al. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85.
  • Collonnier, C. et al. 2001. Applications of biotechnology in eggplant. Pl. Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 65:91–107.
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith. 2008. Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. 1978–. Flora de Veracruz.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Humbert, J.-H., ed. 1936–. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946–1962. Flora de Cuba.; suppl. 1969
  • Levin, R. A. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the "spiny solanums" Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 93:157–169.
  • Liogier, A. H. 1981–. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-.
  • Liogier, H. A. 1984–. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  • Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936–1971. Flora of Peru.; new ser. 1980-
  • Nee, M. 1999. Synopsis of Solanum in the New World. P. 326 in: Nee, M. et al., eds., Solanaceae IV: advances in biology and utilization.
  • Nelson, C. H. N. 2008. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Honduras.
  • Pittier, H. F. et al. 1945–1947. Catálogo de la flora venezolana.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 8:258–260.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  • Symon, D. E. 1981. A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:115.
  • Welman, W. G. 2003. The genus Solanum (Solanaceae) in southern Africa: subgenus Leptostemonum, the introduced sections Acanthophora and Torva. Bothalia 33:13–15.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Solanum torvum Sw.:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Solanaceae Source: A global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to Solanaceae Genomics Network

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?101441 (01 November 2014)

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