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Taxon: Carpobrotus edulis (L.) N. E. Br.

Genus: Carpobrotus
Family: Aizoaceae subfamily: Ruschioideae tribe: Ruschieae. Also placed in: Mesembryanthemaceae
Nomen number: 101172
Place of publication: E. P. Phillips, Gen. S. Afr. fl. pl. 249. 1926 (H. M. L. Bolus, Fl. Pl. South Africa 7: sub t. 247. 1927)
Name verified on: 16-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 07-Mar-2011
No species priority site assigned.

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

Common names:

  • Hottentot-fig   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • paardefeige   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Afrikaans
  • zuurefeige   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Afrikaans
  • figue marine   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Hottentottenfeige   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Pferdefeige   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • fico degli Ottentotti   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • bálsamo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • higo del Cabo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • higo marino   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • gul middagsblomma   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Southern Africa: South Africa - Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Western Cape

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia [s. & e.]
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Italy
    Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja California
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Southern South America: Argentina - Buenos Aires; Chile; Uruguay

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

      Other:
  • in winter rainfall regions

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya.
  • Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. 1993. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. [lists as C. edulis (L.) L. Bolus].
  • Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989–. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Eggli, U. 1994. Sukkulenten.
  • Encke, F. 1958–1961. Pareys Blumengaertnerei, ed. 2.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. [lists as C. edulis (L.) L. Bolus].
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  • Hartmann, H. E. K., ed. 2001. Illustrated handbook of succulent plants: Aizoaceae A-E & Aizoaceae F-Z. A–E:99.
  • Hartmann, H. E. K. 2011. Review of Aizoaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2. pers. comm. via e–mail on 8 Mar.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Jacobsen, H. J. 1981. Das Sukkulentenlexicon, ed. 2.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [lists as C. edulis (L.) L. Bolus].
  • Merxmüller, H., ed. 1966–1972. Prodromus einer flora von Sudwestafrika.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Strid, A. & K. Tan, eds. 1997–. Flora hellenica.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, second edition.
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen. Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource).
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Carpobrotus edulis (L.) N. E. Br.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?101172 (24 October 2014)

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