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Taxon: Solanum carolinense L.

Genus: Solanum subgenus: Leptostemonum section: Lathyrocarpum
Family: Solanaceae subfamily: Solanoideae tribe: Solaneae.
Nomen number: 100938
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:187. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 30-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Potato Germplasm Introduction Station (NR6).
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AK*°, AL°, AR*°, AZ*°, CA*°, CO°, CT°, DE°, FL°, GA°, HI*°, IA*°, IL°, IN°, KS°, LA°, MA°, MD°, ME°, MI*°, MN°, NC°, NE°, NH°, NJ°, NV*°, NY°, OH°, OK*°, PA°, RI°, SC°, SD°, TN°, TX°, VT°, WV°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • ball nightshade   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • ball-nettle   (Source: Baileya 8:30. 1960) – English
  • Carolina horse-nettle   (Source: F GPlains ) – English
  • horse-nettle   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario [s.]
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota [s.e.], Wisconsin
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Florida [n.], Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico [e.], Texas
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sonora

      Naturalized:
  • naturalized elsewhere

References:

  • Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource).
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • D'Arcy, W. G. 1974. Solanum and its close relatives in Florida. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61:839.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. [with three varieties].
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Knapp, S. & C. E. Jarvis. 1990. The typification of the names of New World Solanum species described by Linnaeus. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 104:329.
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. [poisonous].
  • Lawrence, G. H. M. 1960. The cultivated species of Solanum. Baileya 8:30.
  • Levin, R. A. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the "spiny solanums" Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 93:157–169.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Nee, M. 1999. Synopsis of Solanum in the New World. 318 In: Nee, M. et al., eds., Solanaceae IV: advances in biology and utilization. 318.
  • Pearson, R. C. 1988. Compendium of grape diseases. 51 In: American Phytopathological Society, The disease compendium series. 51.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Branch, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. 1999. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act.
  • Seymour, F. 1969. The flora of New England.
  • Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins. 1964. Vegetation and flora of the Sonoran desert.
  • Symon, D. E. 1981. A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:152. [mentions].
More:

Check other web resources for Solanum carolinense L.:


Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to Solanaceae Genomics Network

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?100938 (23 April 2014)

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