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Taxon: Senna occidentalis (L.) Link

Genus: Senna
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Caesalpinioideae tribe: Cassieae subtribe: Cassiinae. Also placed in: Caesalpiniaceae
Nomen number: 100059
Place of publication: Handbuch 2:140. 1831
Name verified on: 15-Mar-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 01-Apr-2013
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 23 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • antbush   (Source: Noxweed Aust ) – English
  • coffee senna   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • negro-coffee   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • septicweed   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • stinkingweed   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 16:111) – English
  • bentamaré   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • café bâtard   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • café nège   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 16:111.) – French
  • casse-café   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 16:111.) – French
  • casse-puante   (Source: Noxweed Aust ) – French
  • seoggyeolmyeong   (Source: F Korea [as Cassia occidentalis]) – Transcribed Korean
  • bricho   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • brusca   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • frijolillo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • guanina   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sinaloa, Tamaulipas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, Colima, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Anguilla; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles - Saba; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (British) - Tortola; Virgin Islands (U.S.) - St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil - Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina
    Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador - Esmeraldas, Los Rios, Manabi; Peru - Loreto, San Martin, Ucayali
    Southern South America: Argentina - Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Tucuman; Paraguay - Alto Paraguay, Amambay, Caaguazu, Caazapa, Central, Cordillera, Guaira, Neembucu, Paraguari, Presidente Hayes; Uruguay - Artigas, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Salto, Soriano

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Libya
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Djibouti; Ethiopia; Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Liberia; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Mozambique; Zambia
    Southern Africa: Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    Western Indian Ocean: Seychelles
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    Western Asia: Iran; Iraq; Lebanon
    China: China
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    North Indian Ocean: India - Andaman and Nicobar; Maldives
    Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Brunei; Christmas Island; Indonesia - Celebes, Irian Jaya, Java, Kalimantan, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, Sumatra; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Singapore
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Oklahoma
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Northwestern Pacific: Marshall Islands; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia; Pitcairn
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; Nauru; New Caledonia; Niue; Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

      Other:
  • exact native range obscure

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource).
  • Boggan, J. et al. 1997. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Burkart, A. E., ed. 1969–. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios.
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds. [= Cassia].
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • International Legume Database & Information Service. International Legume Database and Information Service (on-line resource).
  • Irwin, H. S. & R. C. Barneby. 1982. The American Cassiinae: a synoptical revision of Leguminosae tribe Cassieae subtribe Cassiinae in the New World. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35:436.
  • Isely, D. 1998. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii).
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  • Lewis, G. P. 1987. Legumes of Bahia.
  • Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford. 2004. Legumes of Malesia: a checklist.
  • Lock, J. M. & J. Heald. 1994. Legumes of Indochina: a checklist.
  • Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson. 1991. Legumes of West Asia: a checklist.
  • Lock, J. M. 1988. Cassia sens. lat. (Leguminosae - Caesalpinioideae) in Africa. Kew Bull. 43:340.
  • Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist.
  • Luckow, M. 1996. The cultivated species of Cassia, Senna, and Chamaecrista (Leguminosae). Baileya 23:226–227.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:88. [= Cassia].
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia. [= Cassia].
  • Randell, B. R. 1988. Revision of the Cassiinae in Australia. 1. Senna Miller sect. Chamaefistula (Colladon) Irwin and Barneby. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 11:41.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995–. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana.
  • Vossen, H. A. M. van der & M. Wessel, eds. 2000. Stimulants. 16:111 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 16:111.
  • Weakley, A. S. 2011. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Senna occidentalis (L.) Link:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images or nodulation data:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?100059 (21 August 2014)

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