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Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Genus: Panax L.

Family: Araliaceae subfamily Aralioideae
Common name: ginseng
Genus number: 8785
Last updated: 02-Apr-2006

List of Species Records in GRIN.

References for genus:

  • Choi, H.-K. & J. Wen. 2000. A phylogenetic analysis of Panax (Araliaceae): Integrating cpDNA restriction site and nuclear rDNA ITS sequence data. Pl. Syst. Evol. 224:109–120.
  • Lee, C. & J. Wen. 2004. Phylogeny of Panax using chloroplast trnC-trnD intergenic region and the utility of trnC-trnD in interspecific studies of plants. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 31:894–903.
  • Wen, J. & E. A. Zimmer. 1996. Phylogeny and biogeography of Panax L. (The ginseng genus, Araliaceae): inferences from ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 6:167–177.
  • Zhu, S. et al. 2003. Phylogenetic relationship in the genus Panax: inferred from chloroplast trnK gene and nuclear 18S rRNA gene sequences. Pl. Med. (Stuttgart) 69:647–653.
  • KBD: Kew Bibliographic Databases of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Note: Log on to KBD for better access.
  • Google Scholar

Synonyms (=), probable synonyms (=~), and possible synonyms (~) for genus:

Check other nomenclature databases for Panax:

  • ING: Index Nominum Genericorum
  • NCU-3e: Names in Current Use for Extant Plant Genera

Subdivisions of genus Panax:

Subgenus Section Subsection Series Subseries
Panax Panax
Panax Panax Notoginseng
Panax Panax Panax
Panax Pseudoginseng



Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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