This plant, commonly called the Himalayan Blackberry, has about as many botanical names as the number of druplets in a fruit. The preferred name, botanically speaking is Rubus armeniacus Focke, although it has been known as R. procerus Muller, R. praecox Bertol., R. grabowskii Weihe ex Gunther et al., or R. discolor Weihe & Nees. Most botanists consider it to be a member of the "Fruticosus group" of European blackberries. The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) lists Rubus fruticosus L. as a noxious weed. This "species" cannot be legally brought into the U.S. from foreign countries without a permit. However, this regulation is a little too late. In 1885 Luther Burbank introduced a cultivar of this species under the name "Himalaya Giant." He chose this name because he thought that the seed was originally of Asian origin. Other gardeners brought in blackberry plants of this species that Theodor Reimers of Hamburg, Germany introduced. These plants quickly escaped from the gardens with the help of birds and animals, who dearly love to eat the fruit. The animals dispersed, scarified (broke open the hard seed-coat in their stomachs), and fertilized the seed. This species is now established, or "naturalized," along the west coast from British Columbia to California. It particularly likes its "new" home in the Pacific Northwest.